Plants for the 7 Layers of a Food Forest Garden

Sharing is caring!

A food forest garden is made up of 7 layers of plants. Some plants swap from one layer to the other as they have multiple uses, or they come in different varieties and sizes.

This is a large list of suggested plants that fit within the different layers of the food forest.

You can get a PDF of it here.

Tall trees

Alder Alnus

American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana

Apple Malus sylvestris

Arazole / Mediterranean Medlar Crataegus azarolus

Bay Tree Laurus nobilis

Black locust Robinia pseudoacacia

Black Mulberry Morus nigra

Carob Ceratonia siliqua

Cherry Prunus avium

Chestnut Castanea dentata

Chinese Chestnut Castanea mollissima

European Plum (Myrobalan) Prunus domestica

Hawthorn Crataegus spp.

Hazel Corylus

Highbush cranberries Viburnum trilobum

Honey locusts Gleditsia triacanthos

Japanese Walnut (Heartnut) Juglans ailantifolia

Korean Stone Pine Pinus koraiensis

Northern Pecan Carya illinoinensis

Pear Pyrus communis

Siberian Pea Tree Caragana arborescens

Stone pine Pinus pinea

Tagasaste/ tree Lucerne Cytisus proliferus

Walnut Juglans

Medlar Mespilus germanica

Mulberry Morus spp.

Quince Cydonia oblonga

Smaller Trees

Almond dwarf Prunus dulcis

Apple Dwarf Malus domestica

Apricot Prunus armeniaca

Australian Round Lime Citrus australis (in warmer areas)

Beech Fagus sylvatica

Blue Sausage Tree Decaisnea fargesii

Cherry Dwarf Prunus avium

Citrus Dwarf Citrus spp.

Crab Apple Malus sp.

Date-plum Diospyros lotus

Dogwood Cornus

Elderberry Sambucus nigra

Nectarine Prunus persica v. nectarina

Olive Olea europaea

Pawpaw, Papaya Carica papaya

Peach Dwarf Prunus persica

Pear Dwarf Pyrus communis

Persimmon Dwarf Diospyros spp.

Plum Dwarf Prunus domestica

Service Tree Sorbus domestica

Tamarillo, Tree Tomato Cyphomandra betacea

Tree mugwort Artemisia arborescens

Bamboo ‘Gracilis’ Bambusa textilis ‘Gracilis’

Serviceberry Amelanchier spp.

Strawberry Tree Arbutus unedo 

Acacia/Wattles Acacia spp.

Shrubs

Acacia/Wattle Acacia spp.

Aronia Berry Aronia melanocarpa

Austral Indigo Indigofera australis

Basket Willow Purple Salix purpurea

Blackberry Rubus fruticosus

Blueberry Vaccinium spp.

Cape Gooseberry Physalis peruviana

Chinese Quince Pseudocydonia sinensis

Cornelian Cherry Cornus mas 

New Zealand Cranberry (Chilean Guava) Myrtus ugni/Ugni molinae

Currants Ribes spp

Curry Plant Helichrysum italicum

Edible Savlias Salvia spp.

Feijoa Acca sellowiana

Garden Huckleberry Solanum melanocesarum syn S. x burbankii

Globe artichoke Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus

Goji berries Lycium barbarum

Gooseberry Ribes Uva-crispa

Guavas Myrtus spp.

Koromiko Hebe stricta

Horopito Pseudowintera colorata

Houhere/lacebark Hoheria populnea

Japanese Quince Chaenomeles japonica

Jerusalem artichokes Helianthus tuberosus

Jostaberry Ribes x culverwellii

Kawakawa Piper excelsum

Kotukutuku/Tree fuchsia Fuchsia excorticata

Kowhai Sophora microphylla

Lavender lavandula angustifolia

Lemon Verbena Aloysia triphylla

Lupine Lupinus

Makomako/wineberry Aristotelia serrata

Manuka Leptospermum scoparium

Mountain Marigold Tagetes lemmonii

Nodding Saltbush Einadia wutans

Perennial Basil Ocimum gratissimum

Perennial Chilli, Rocoto Chilli Capsicum pubescens

Purple Chokeberry Aronia prunifolia

Raspberry Rubus spp.

River Mint Mentha australis

Rose Rosa

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis

Scented Geraniums Pelargonium graveolens

Sea buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides

Silver Berry Elaeagnus x ebbingeii

Southernwood Artemisia abrotanum

Tomatillo Physalis philadelphica

Wormwood Artemisia absinthium

Worcesterberry Ribes divaricatum

Herbs

Asparagus Asparagus officinalis

Balm Melissa officinalis

Borage Borago officinalis

Broad bean Vicia faba

Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum

Calendula Calendula officinalis

Comfrey, Knitbone Symphytum officinale

Day lilly Hemerocallis

Dill Anethum graveolens

Egyptian walking onions Allium × proliferum

Fennel Foeniculum vulgare

French Sorrel Rumex scutatus

Garden Mint Mentha sachalinensis

Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum

Globe Artichoke Cynara scolymus

Hyssop Cynara cardunculus

Lemongrass Cymbopogon spp

Lovage Levisticum officinale

Marigold Tagetes

Mint Mentha spp.

Nettle Urtica dioica

Oregano Origanum vulgare

Parsley Petroselinum spp.

Pepino, Pepino Dulce, Melon Pear Solanum muricatum

Perpetual/Perennial Spinach Beta vulgaris var. cicla

Phacelia Phacelia Tanacetifolia

Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum

Sorrel Rumex acetosa

Stevia Stevia rebaudiana

Tansy Tanacetum vulgare

Yarrow Achillea millefolium

Ground Cover

Alpine Strawberries Fragaria x vesca

Asparagus Asparagus officinalis

Sweet Alyssum Lobularia maritima

Basil Thyme Acinos arvensi

Black Cumin Nigella Sativa

Clover Trifolium

Coral Pea Hardenbergia violacea

Corsican Mint Mentha requienii

Cranberry Vaccinium Oxycoccus spp.

Creeping Oregon Grape Mahonia aquifolium

Creeping Snowberry Gaultheria hispidula

Creeping Thyme Thymus serpyllum

Fat hen Chenopodium album

Ground Elder Aegopodium podagraria

Horseradish Armoracia rusticana

Kamchatka Bilberry Vaccinium praestans

Lingonberries Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Lowbush Blueberries Vaccinium angustifolium

Marshmallow Althaea officinalis

Miner’s Lettuce Claytonia perfoliata

Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus

Pigface Carpobrotus modestus

Prostrate Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Prostratus’ or ‘Huntington Carpet’

Rhubarb  Rheum rhabarbarum

Roman Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis

Sweet Violets Viola odorata

Vervain Verbena officinali

Warrigal Greens Tetragonia tetragonoides

Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens


Vines

Cantaloupe Cucumis melo reticulatus

Chokos Sechium edule

Climbing peas Pisum sativum

Coral Pea Hardenbergia violacea

Cucumbers Cucumis sativus

Grape -Sultana Vitis vinifera

Grapes Vitis spp

Honeydew Melon Cucumis melo inodorus

Honeysuckle (Blue-berried) Lonicera caerulea

Hops Humulus lupulus

Kiwi Berry / Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta

Kiwi fruit Actinidia spp

Malabar Spinach Basella alba ‘Rubra’

Maypop Passiflora incarnata

Nasturtium (Climbing) Tropaeolum majus

Passionfruit Passiflora edulis

Perennial bean (scarlet runner bean) Phaseolus coccineus

Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo

Soybean Glycine max

Squash Cucurbita

Sweet Potato Ipomoea batatas

Watermelon Citrullus lanatus

Wild grape Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris

Zucchini Cucurbita pepo

Root Crops

Arrowroot Maranta arundinacea

Beetroot Beta vulgaris

Carrot Daucus carota sativus

Cassava (Tapioca) Manihot esculenta

Chicory Cichorium intybus

Chives Allium schoenoprasum

Daikon Raphanus sativus L.

Daylilly Hemerocallis fulva

Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia

Garlic Allium sativum

Ginger Zingiber officinale

Ginseng Panax spp.

Groundnut Apios americana

Horseradish Armoracia rusticana

Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosum

Liquorice Glycyrrhiza spp.

Native ginger Hornstedtia scottiana

Oca, New Zealand Yam Oxalis tuberosa

Onion Allium cepa

Parsnip Pastinaca sativa

Potato Solanum tuberosum

Salsify Tragopogon spp.

Sweet Potato Ipomoea batatas

Tree/Egyptian Walking Onions Allium cepa var. proliferum

Welsh onion Allium fistulosum

Yacon Smallanthus sonchifolius

Yam Daisy Microseris scapigera

Plants for the 7 Layers of a Food Forest Garden

Sharing is caring!